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Understanding your back
Understanding your back

A normal spine is shaped as a double S-curve with two curves to the front and one to the back. If those curves decrease, or increase, the spine becomes unbalanced.

The main functions of the spine is to:

  • Support the trunk and the head
  • Allow flexibility of the body – be capable of bending and twisting in all directions
  • Protect the spinal cord

What's more – the spine has to last a life time.

The spine is incredibly strong yet highly flexible.

The spine, is also known as the vertebral column, giving structural support and providing integrity to the human body. The spine is designed to be incredibly strong; protecting the highly vulnerable and sensitive nerve roots, yet highly flexible; providing mobility in many different directions.

About the vertebrae

about the vertebrae

The spine is made up of 24 blocks called »vertebrae« that are stacked on top of each other and separated by shock-absorbing discs.

  • the neck has 7 vertebrae (cervical spine C1-C7);
  • the chest has 12 vertebrae, each carrying two ribs (thoracic spine T1-T12);
  • there are 5 vertebrae in the low back or lumbar area (lumbar spine L1-L5);
  • five fused vertebrae create a solid base called the »sacrum« and
  • the »coccyx« or tailbone has three very small and fused vertebrae

The discs function as shock absorbers

The spine is not a rigid structure. It is able to bend and twist because there are flexible cushions or discs between each of the vertebrae. Each disc is a flat, biscuit-shaped structure with a jelly-like centre called the nucleus and an extremely strong outer skin called the annulus.

Why aging can cause back pain

The intervertebral discs are very vulnerable to deterioration because their blood supply is very poor, depriving them of precious nutrients. At birth, eighty percent of the disc is composed of water. With age the discs dehydrate and become stiffer. This is all part of the natural aging process, although in some people this process can be painful, due to instability in the spinal column and inflammation. Classically, twisting injuries damage the discs and cause the deterioration process to become more serious due to the inadequate blood supply therefore healing becomes inhibited causing even more deterioration in these structures and eventually more pain.

Facet joints

The vertebrae are also joined to each other by pairs of small joints which lie at the back of the spine, one on either side. Their main function is to make sure your back doesn't bend or twist further than it should.

Muscles

Back, abdominal, and buttock muscles stabilize the spine and help maintain proper posture. If muscles or ligaments are stretched or strained they, like the facet joints, often cause low-back and buttock pain. They usually heal within six to eight weeks.

The spinal cord and the nerves

the spinal cords and the nerves

The spinal cord runs from the brain to the level of the second lumbar vertebrae. The lumbar spinal nerves join to form the sciatic nerve.
Spinal nerves branch out from the spinal cord between each two vertebrae and carry commands to the organs and muscles. These nerves also send messages relating to touch, temperature, and pain to the spinal cord and the brain. If a nerve is pinched by a protruding disc, pain often results in the back and in the leg.

Ligaments

Ligaments are bands of tough tissue between the bones that keep the vertebrae in good alignment and prevent damage due to excessive movement.

Back Care School

KOSMODISK® Brand Protection


ATTENTION! With purchase of the original KOSMODISK® product you get 100% guarantee on quality and safety of the product. To ensure you get a true KOSMODISK® product, shop only from one of our authorized distributors and retailers, or through our website http://www.shop.kosmodisk.com. Be aware that the warranty is not valid if the product turns out to be counterfeit. If you think you've seen counterfeit or fake KOSMODISK® products, please contact us on legal.kosmodisk@studio-moderna.com.

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What causes back pain


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Chronic back pain


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Acute back pain


Sudden acute pain can be really painful and exhausting but it might not be a sign for constant problems. Most common causes for acute back pain are chronic, long lasting troubles, for example bad posture or abdominal muscle weakness. The latter can cause increased pressure and burdening of the spine and back muscles which eventually can lead to back injuries.

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