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Low back pain – causes and symptoms
Low back pain – causes and symptoms

CAUSES OF LOW BACK PAIN:

Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for visiting the family doctor.

Low back pain is most commonly caused by:

  • muscle strain (associated with pregnancy, obesity, heavy physical work, awkward positions, standing in one position too long, etc.)
  • different diseases (spinal stenosis, arthritis, tumors, etc.)

Low back pain is either acute (lasts less than 3 months) or chronic (persistent long-term pain).

SYMPTOMS OF LOW BACK PAIN:

Symptoms of low back pain include localized pain in a specific area of the low back, general aching, and/or pain that radiates into the low back, buttocks, and leg(s). Sometimes pain is accompanied by neurologic symptoms such as numbness, tingling or weakness, which require immediate medical attention

Pain that's worst in the morning and gets better with movement and stretching is often an indication of muscle injury.

Pain that goes all the way down the back of one or both legs is a sign of sciatica.

How can I tell what type of back pain I have?

Most cases of low back pain that develop suddenly (acutely) are due to simple low back pain. Many people just 'get on with it' and treat it themselves - and indeed most get better quickly. However, if any of the following occur, then there may be a more serious underlying cause such as a nerve root problem, or another disorder.

Therefore, tell a doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Constant back pain that is not eased by lying down or resting.
  • Pain travels to the chest, or is higher in the back behind the chest.
  • If the pain developed gradually, and slowly gets worse and worse over days or weeks
  • In addition to back pain, you have:

o Weakness or numbness of any muscles in a leg, foot or buttock.

o Problems with controlling your bladder or bowels hujšanje

o Weight loss, fever, or if you feel generally unwell.

o Recent history of violent trauma or injury to the back.

o You have or have had a cancer of any part of the body.

o You have taken steroid tablets for more than a few months.

o If you have a poor immune system.

  • If you are unsure about any symptom.
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